When it comes to international relations, agreements between states are a common occurrence. These agreements can take many forms, from treaties to memorandums of understanding, and they often play a crucial role in maintaining peace and promoting cooperation between nations. However, when it comes to the terminology used to describe these agreements, things can get a little confusing. In this article, we`ll take a closer look at what an agreement between states is called and some of the different types of agreements that exist.
To begin with, an agreement between states is typically referred to as an „interstate agreement.” This term is relatively self-explanatory, as it simply means an agreement between two or more states (or other sovereign entities) that is recognized under international law. Interstate agreements can cover a wide range of topics, from trade and commerce to security and defense.
One of the most common types of interstate agreements is the treaty. A treaty is a formal written agreement between two or more sovereign states, which is usually signed by their respective leaders or representatives. Treaties can cover a wide range of issues, such as arms control, human rights, and environmental protection. Once a treaty has been signed, it must be ratified by each participating state before it can come into force.
Another type of interstate agreement is the memorandum of understanding (MOU). MOUs are typically less formal than treaties and are often used to establish a framework for future cooperation on a given issue. For example, two states might sign an MOU to work together on a joint research project, or to collaborate on disaster relief efforts.
In addition to treaties and MOUs, there are several other types of interstate agreements that can be used to promote cooperation and resolve conflicts between states. These include protocols, conventions, charters, and declarations. Each of these types of agreements has its own specific characteristics and legal implications, but they all share the common goal of fostering good relations between states.
Overall, while the terminology used to describe interstate agreements can seem a bit confusing at times, the basic concept is relatively straightforward. An agreement between states is simply a formal recognition of the mutual interests, goals, and responsibilities that exist between different sovereign entities. Whether through treaties, MOUs, or other types of agreements, these interstate arrangements play a crucial role in shaping the international landscape and promoting peace, stability, and cooperation around the world.